Which Christmas tree is best for the environment

The artificial tree: Basically, plastic is bad for nature. Because the PVC or polyethylene contained in the artificial Christmas tree is not biodegradable. Nevertheless, an artificial tree can also be worthwhile if it is used for a long time. According to calculations by the Ellipsos Institute in Montreal (Canada), it would have to be used for at least 16 to 17 years for the ecological balance to correspond to that of a natural tree.

The average plastic tree comes from Asia and, according to the Canadian scientists, causes around 48 kilograms of carbon dioxide (CO2) during production, transport and disposal. This is offset by 3.1 kilograms of CO2 for natural trees. The British company Carbon Trust comes to a similar conclusion.

Providers often advertise that their artificial Pine trees can be set up for eight to ten years on average. The plastic variant therefore regularly ends up in the garbage before its carbon footprint is offset against that of a natural tree. In addition, if you don’t want to see straight away that the tree is made of plastic, you have to dig deep into your pocket. Costs: 200 euros upwards, according to Rudolf Fenner from the environmental organization Robin Wood.

also read

also read

Young woman with long blond hair in colorful autumn forest laughs at the camera

“Underrated Cure”

also read

On the fox hunt: the animals are decimating the population of ground-nesting birds

the real onee fir: The classic among Christmas trees in Germany is and remains the Nordmann fir, with a market share of over 80 percent. Forest expert Fenner knows its advantages: “Because it’s so beautifully green and soft and doesn’t needle.” Behind it are blue spruce, red spruce and other species.

“The real Christmas tree beats its artificial competitors by a long way,” says Denny Ohnesorge, Managing Director of the Main Association of the German Wood Industry (HDH). According to the Association of Natural Christmas Trees, the naturally grown trees are usually climate-neutral. “During growth, they process climate-damaging CO2 from the atmosphere. When the tree is later used, however, less CO2 is released than was previously stored,” is the argument. After the festival, the trees would usually be composted or used to generate energy.

Only the Christmas tree that comes from the region and whose wood or wood chips are used for furniture or building materials after the festival is really climate-friendly. The Naturschutzbund Deutschland (Nabu) also recommends buying spruce, pine and silver fir from thinning measures or from special forest locations such as under high-voltage roads. Because these usually untreated trees would have to be felled anyway.

also read

In hot and dry weather, bark beetles develop and multiply faster

Forests after the drought summer

also read

Bornean Orangutan female carrying her son

also read


The environmental organization Robin Wood points out that most of the Christmas trees sold in Germany come from plantations that are fertilized and sprayed with pesticides – with a corresponding burden on soil, water and animals. According to a study, however, there should be no immediate danger for the user from vapors in the apartment.

The organic fir: If you don’t plan to use your plastic tree forever, you should use a natural product from the region. It’s even better with an organic seal. Fenner says that what caught on more quickly with foodstuffs takes longer with Christmas trees. According to the expert from Robin Wood, around 0.7 percent of the trees sold in Germany carry an organic or eco seal. “We still have to look for suppliers.” Anyone who has found a seller with an organic tree can expect good news: they are not more expensive than conventional trees.

See also  Swiss forestry - Fighting climate change with new tree species - News

The Association of Natural Christmas Trees expects Nordmann firs to cost around 20 to 27 euros per meter. Fenner states 20 to 26 euros for the same tree in the organic version. “Organic trees should actually be more expensive,” he says. Although it would be justified by the extra effort, no provider would dare to charge more than for a conventional tree.

The Federal Environment Agency recommends the following seals as trustworthy: Bio, Bioland, Naturland, Demeter or FSC. It is crucial that no chemicals are used – neither for fertilizing nor for pest control, explains Fenner.

also read

Hiking trail winds through natural beech forest, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Hainich National Park, Thuringia, Germany, Europe

also read

Crafted from mushrooms and corn, the experimental Hy-Fi Tower was part of a show at the PS1 Museum of Modern Art in New York

also read

WS knowledge building material hemp ++ hemp house / pictures construction phase - semi-detached house in ecological construction, info from Elke Hartmann-Wolff: Source: Eiskamp Bau ++ via Jan Grossarth jagr@jan-grossarth.de from Olaf Mensching o.mensching@eiskamp-bau. de CHRISTIAN EISKAMP BAUUNTERNEHMEN Heuersdamm 3, 26188 Edewecht, Telephone 0 44 05 / 984 70 16, www.eiskamp-bau.de ++ 14

The tree with roots: Could it be even more environmentally friendly? Yes, if the tree survived Christmas. The idea of ​​buying a tree with roots instead of a felled Christmas tree sounds good and sustainable in theory. The problem: In practice, many trees no longer experience a second festival.

Trees that are only pulled out of the ground with their roots shortly before Christmas and pressed into a pot would survive the upcoming festival, “but not a second one,” warns Fenner. According to him, the situation is different with Christmas trees, which have been grown in a pot from the start and have been repotted into larger containers several times over the years.

But these trees also suffer, according to Fenner, because they are naturally dormant in December. “And when they get into the warm house, they wake up from hibernation and lose their antifreeze,” Fenner warns. Later, the trees “could freeze to death very easily after two weeks in the warm living room outside”. One exception: the tree and its roots are rented from a regional tree nursery, garden center or forester’s center and brought back there. A 1.75 meter high Nordmann fir then costs around 80 to 100 euros to rent.

See also  Type 2 diabetes: New procedure - heat for the intestines

Interested parties should also note that large trees with large roots often have to be watered, otherwise dry damage will quickly occur. In addition, “a 1.5 meter high Christmas tree needs a pot with about 50 kilograms of soil in it,” explains Fenner and asks: “Who should carry it?”

You can listen to our WELT podcasts here

In order to display embedded content, your revocable consent to the transmission and processing of personal data is required, since the providers of the embedded content as third-party providers require this consent [In diesem Zusammenhang können auch Nutzungsprofile (u.a. auf Basis von Cookie-IDs) gebildet und angereichert werden, auch außerhalb des EWR]. By setting the switch to “on”, you agree to this (which can be revoked at any time). This also includes your consent to the transfer of certain personal data to third countries, including the USA, in accordance with Art. 49 (1) (a) GDPR. You can find more information about this. You can withdraw your consent at any time via the switch and via privacy at the bottom of the page.

“Aha! Ten minutes of everyday knowledge” is WELT’s knowledge podcast. Every Tuesday and Thursday we answer everyday questions from the field of science. Subscribe to the podcast at Spotify, Apple Podcasts, deezer, Amazon Music or directly via RSS feed.

See more here

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *